Brain Talk - A New Book by Dr. David Schnarch

How Mind Mapping Brain Science Can Change Your Life
And Everyone In It

By Dr. David Schnarch, PhD.


Brain Talk Appendices


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From the outset, Brain Talk was designed to be a "crossover book" for psychotherapists, teachers, researchers, and graduate students. All eBook and paperback versions of Brain Talk have four Appendices containing the scientific research and documentation they require.

The standard eBook version of Brain Talk allows readers to jump back and forth between the main text and the underlying research in the Appendices. All 400 entries in the reference section are hyperlinked to their appropriate citation in the main text. The hyperlinked textbook-type Index, organized around technical aspects of Crucible® Neurobiological Therapy, offers ready access to the brain science and therapy details reported within.

If you’re a mental health professional or academic, you can read Brain Talk from back to front, starting with the Appendices. The extensive Index is your table of contents (also hyperlinked in the ebook version). It offers a completely different topical organization, and ready access to the brain science and therapy details reported within. Accessing material through the Index (click here), Brain Talk looks like a completely different book, organized around the technical aspects of Crucible® Neurobiological Therapy.

Appendices Table of Contents


Appendices   329

Appendix A: Mind Mapping329 

Parts of the brain involved in mind mapping330 

How the brain tracks whose mind you’re mapping331 

Ventral and dorsal attentional systems332 

Differential routing through the brain332 

Mapping out thoughts versus feelings333 

Mapping emotions and feelings333 

Mapping thoughts and knowledge333 

Neurochemistry of mind mapping334 

Disorders impacting mind–mapping ability336 

Psychopaths’ mind–mapping ability338 

Appendix B: Traumatic Mind Mapping340 

How traumatic mind mapping fits with PTSD343 

DESNOS symptoms344 

Traumatic mind mapping and PTSD diagnostic criteria346 

Beyond DSM and DESNOS347 

Varieties of interpersonal neurobiological problems349 

Mind mapping impairments349 

Non–psychotic thinking disorders349 

Non–psychotic emotional regulation disorders350 

Disgust reaction impairments351 

Additional impairments351 

Impacts of traumatic mind mapping on the body354 

Trauma and the central nervous system355 

Trauma and the autonomic nervous system358 

Appendix C: Antisocial Empathy361 

How the brain creates empathy362 

Neuroanatomical basis of antisocial empathy365 


Cognitive and emotional empathy: A brain–based perspective370 

Machiavellianism, Narcissism, Sociopathy and Sadism374 


Incredible things we can learn from disgust382 

Anterior insula and disgust383 

Anterior insula and anterior cingulate cortex387 

Appendix D: Creating Neuroplasticity391 

Typical PTSD treatment392 

Considerations for more effective therapy394 

Insight is not enough395 

Focus on inner experience396 

Synchronize implicit and explicit memory397 

Exploit the IFO (anterior insula)400 

Methods of Crucible Neurobiological Therapy403 

Visualization and revisualization403 

Written dialogs407 

Conjoint neuroplastic activities410 

Modify current relationship with antagonist413 

Increase clients’ differentiation414 

Role of the therapist in CNT415 

In–session psychophysiological monitoring418 

Heart rate variability biofeedback419 

Moderate arousal and “safe emergencies”421 

Window of tolerance423 

Posttraumatic growth425 

About the Author428 


End Notes   461